North Carolina rabies law requires that all owned dogs, cats and ferrets must be vaccinated against rabies by four months of age (NCGS 130A-185 ). One shot is not enough; rabies vaccinations must be kept current. We'll let you know when your pet needs its rabies booster shots.

What Vaccines Does My Pet Need?

All Saints Animal Hospital has a conservative philosophy with regards to vaccination in general and have maintained this practice without regret for over 12 years.

Here we have outlined our recommendations to keep your pets healthy.

Vaccinations- Dogs

Canine Distemper is a widespread and often fatal disease. The virus can be carried in the air, making nearly every dog exposed at some point in his or her lifetime.

Canine Parvo is a viral gastrointestinal tract disease that is highly fatal, and extremely contagious. 

Canine Parainfluenza is a viral upper respiratory disease very similar to the human flu. 

Canine Adenovirus affects the liver of dogs but due to vaccination is uncommon. 

All 4 pathogens are contained within the “Distemper” vaccine, commonly referred to as DHPPV.  

  • Distemper combination at 8 weeks of age and again at 12 weeks of age, and lastly at 1 year of age.  

Rabies is fatal. The rabies virus attacks the brain and central nervous system and is transmitted to humans primarily through the bite of an infected animal.

  • Rabies at 12 weeks then again in a year for the 3 year cycle.

Canine Bordetella is a bacteria, and is commonly known as “kennel cough”. It is transmitted by breathing air infected with particles of the disease.

  • For those that board their dog we do recommend a yearly Bordetella vaccine, (Kennel Cough).

Leptospirosis is caused by a bacteria spread through soil, water, and the urine of infected animals, and if not caught early it can be deadly. 

  • Leptosporosis vaccination is evaluated on the case by case basis, but typically not recommended.

Vaccinations- Cats

Feline Panleukopenia (Informally known as distemper) is extremely contagious and is  characterized by fever, loss of appetite, vomiting and diarrhea. Feline panleukopenia is often fatal and is in the same family of viruses known as Parvovirus in dogs.

Feline Rhinotracheitis is a viral upper respiratory tract infection that is very common in cats and can cause life long problems is some cats.

Feline Calicivirus is an upper respiratory pathogen that can be severe and can also effect teeth as your cat ages. 

All 3 of these viruses are the the feline “distemper” vaccine. Commonly referred to as FVRCP.

  • Distemper combination at 8 weeks and again at 12 weeks of age, and finally at 1 year of age.

Rabies is fatal. The rabies virus attacks the brain and central nervous system and is transmitted to humans primarily through the bite of an infected animal.

  • Rabies at 12 weeks of age and then again in 1 year.

Feline leukemia virus (FeLV) is passed from one cat to another through saliva, blood, and to some extent, urine and feces. The virus commonly causes anemia or lymphoma, but because it suppresses the immune system, it can also predispose cats to deadly infections.

Exposure to the feline leukemia virus doesn’t have to be a death sentence; approximately 70% of cats who encounter the virus are able to resist infection or eliminate the virus on their own.

Feline Immunodeficiency Virus (FIV) is a viral disease which affects the immune system of domestic cats,  leaving the infected cat vulnerable to many other infections. The primary mode of transmission for FIV is through bite wounds. Cats in households with stable social structures where housemates do not fight are at little risk of acquiring FIV infections.

  • With regards to the Feline leukemia and Feline immunodeficiency virus vaccines, use is evaluated on the individual case basis.